Hello, friends Come, let us talk about the conflict ongoing between America and Iran What happened? Why did it happen? How does it affect India? And is this the beginning of World War 3? This last question was mere jest Don’t worry, things haven’t escalated to that level. This is only done by some media houses to scare you Come, let us understand the entire situation.
First, I will give you some background information Basically, there are two main regional powers in the middle east One is Saudi Arabia and the other is Iran These two countries are rival countries and enmity brews in between them Although, these two countries haven’t directly been in a war, but in all the other conflicts in the middle east amongst the rest of the countries, These two countries use them to indulge in a proxy war Proxy war means that two countries are not fighting directly with each other but are fighting indirectly in a third country For example, proxy wars are ongoing in Yemen, Syria and Iraq -amongst Saudi Arabia and Iran What basically happens in these is that there is a government and then there are rebels that oppose it So on one hand, Saudi Arabia would support the government by funding weapons Iran, on the other hand, would support the rebels and supple weapons to them And the battle among them would continue Iran has a majority of Shia Muslims and Saudi has a majority of Sunni Muslims So you could also call it a religious divide between the two countries (which) further stokes the conflict in between these two countries The matter of fact here is that USA is a good ally of Saudi Arabia And Saudi Arabia is a rival country of Iran. So basically, there is enmity between USA and Iran too There have been anti-government protests in Iraq in huge numbers in the past few years because the people there are upset with the rising corruption and unemployment as well as other issues The establishment- the government is supported by Iran So basically, the governments of Iran and Iraq are against the protesters And the countries of Saudi Arabia and the USA indirectly support the protesters Recently, what was happening was that a lot of protesters were being killed The Iranian government and the government of Iraq was shooting the protesters More than 20 protesters have been killed.
Relations between USA and Iran have been sour for the past 40 years But the present conflict can be traced back to the time since Donald Trump got elected In 2015 when Obama was the President, then the USA signed a nuclear deal with Iran “After two years of negotiations, the United States. together with our international partners has achieved something that decades of animosity has not a comprehensive, long-term deal with Iran that will prevent it from obtaining a nuclear weapon. This deal demonstrates that American diplomacy can bring about real and meaningful change.” On 8th May 2018, Donald Trump backed out of this nuclear deal suddenly and said that now the USA will not participate in the nuclear deal. Donald Trump alleged that the government of Iran supports terrorism, exports violence and the widespread chaos and bloodshed rampant in the Middle East- Iran is responsible for that A lot of people that criticize Donald Trump say that Donald Trump backed off from the nuclear deal due to one reason- because Obama had signed that nuclear deal Trump envied this fact and he had to upturn whatever Obama had done, Therefore, Trump restarted the enmity with Iran and declared economic sanctions After that, there was the constant escalation of tensions between the two countries, For example, in one instance there was a drone attack on the oil tankers of Saudi Arabia USA alleged that Iran had orchestrated it.
For example on 20th June, 2019, a US drone was shot down by Iran on charges of it flying through Iranian territory USA claimed that it was flying through international territory On 8th April, 2019, Donald Trump took a decision that has never been taken in American history till date There is a branch of the Iranian Military which is called Islamic Revolutionary Guard corps (They) declared it a foreign terrorist organisation This was for the first time that another country’s military was labelled as a terrorist organization After that, on 28th December, 2019, a rocket attack was launched on a US military base present in Iraq in which an American contractor was killed The US held the Iranian military and the general of Iranian military- Soleiman- responsible for this The US retaliated on 29th December 2019 by conducting air strikes on a weapon center of the Iranian militia organization in which more than 25 people were killed In retaliation to this, a pro Iranian mob attacked the US embassy in Iraq on 31st December, 2019 Although no one was killed and neither did anyone sustain serious injuries, but Donald Trump tweeted after this attack saying, Iran will have to pay a very big price This is not a warning, it is a threat.
And this threat was witnessed when on 3rd January 2020, America killed one of the topmost Iranian generals- Soleiman by conducting drone strikes General Soleiman was the Major General of the Quds force in Iran He was one of the people belonging to the topmost level in Iran In India, you can compare him to the Indian Air Force general or the Indian Army General The Quds force is the most elite of the elite force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Force in Iran Donald Trump said that they had killed the general to prevent future attacks from taking place and they had got the news that General Soleiman was planning an attack against Americans. US officials believe that while there was a war ongoing in Iraq, then General Soleiman was supplying weapons to the terrorists present there But Iran denies anything of that sort In fact General Soleiman was considered a national hero in Iran because he had helped fight against the ISIS and to secure the Iranian borders So the interesting thing here is how one country considers a person a national hero and a freedom fighter while another country, on the other hand, considers him a terrorist This happens very often, by the way Wherever there are conflicts and fights in the world, if often happens that one section of the population considers someone to be their freedom fighter and the other section of the population considers him to be a terrorist So, there’s one thing I’d like to say here – whenever you read about such complex geopolitical issues, then do not try to fit someone in a good or a bad category Nothing’s black and white here that one person is 100% good and that person is 100% bad- it isn’t so Judge people by their actions.
A lot of people accuse Donald Trump of wanting to go on a war with Iran deliberately in order to boost his popularity before elections Elections are upcoming in 9 months so people believe that Donald Trump is doing this for publicity Also, Donald Trump’s own hypocrisy is evident here because back in 2013, he tweeted that “I predict that President Obama will, at some point, attack Iran in order to save face.” Then he tweeted in 2013 again: “Remember what I previously said? Obama will someday attack Iran in order to show how tough he is.” Now people are accusing Donald Trump of the same thing that Donald Trump is attacking Iran to save his own image This is a very similar thing which happened in the US, 17 years prior to today when President Bush had declared war on Iraq and killed Saddam Hussein Then, a lot of people had noticed that the USA did not have a huge reason to go to war but the USA went to war, nevertheless. And it was due to this one decision that the image of USA is still tainted all across the world that the USA goes on deliberate wars for oil and goes to war in order to maintain peace in the Middle East It encourages wars all about the world in order to reap benefits for itself.
The Iranian government has said that its going to retaliate fully after this air strike but it does not consider a common American responsible for this The Iranian government puts the sole blame on Donald Trump In fact, the Iranian government has also placed a bounty on Donald Trump and they have said that an average American need not worry because they have no enmity with them They are only against Donald Trump Due to this, The Iranian presidential advisor listed down the business properties of Trump all across the world in order to attack Trump’s real estate empire In response to this Donald Trump issued threat that he would launched an attack on the Iranian cultural sites -the world heritage sites and due to this, Donald Trump received a lot of flak that he was talking of deliberately attacking the heritage and cultural sites in a fight On the other hand the parliament of Iraq has voted to root out all the American troops from the Iraqi soil and the Iranian Parliament has passed motion designating the US Army as terrorists Donald Trump has also said that if Iraq indeed wants all the American troops to leave the country then Iraq will have to pay for the Air Force base which cost billions of dollars to construct And if Iraq does not agree to pay, then huge economic sanctions will be levied on Iraq And if this happens, then its worst effect will befall India.
The reason for this is that most of the crude oil imported by India comes from Iraq as of 2019, Iraq is India’s number one oil supplier if US imposes sanctions against Iraq then US will force its allies like India to stop importing oil from Iraq If it so happens, then India will have to import oil from elsewhere- which is going to be many times costlier This will have a very bad effect upon the Indian economy Infant its effect is already perceptible- the day general Soleimani was killed the Indian markets crashed so drastically the very next day that investors had to suffer a loss of total 3 lakh crore rupees Another detrimental effect was that when Donald Trump escalated his enemy with Iran, then he obviously had to incline towards some country- so he started getting close to Pakistan In 2018, Donald Trump had said that they had stopped providing training to the Pakistani military because Pakistan supports terrorism Now they have resumed imparting the training because they are in need of more friends and allies I hope you would have got to learn a lot from this article. If you like this article. Thank you!